Recurrent Miscarriage

Recurrent miscarriage refers to three consecutive miscarriages. Approximately one in every 100 women will experience recurrent miscarriages. If you have experienced three or more miscarriages there may be an underlying cause for this, therefore, tests are usually offered at this stage. The majority of women have completely normal test results.

 

This is understandably an upsetting and distressing time for you and your partner, you may want to explore all avenues before trying for another pregnancy. Despite investigations, sometime no reason for the recurrent miscarriages can be found. However there are still a number of factors that may need to be considered:

  • Your age and past pregnancies

  • Genetic factors

  • Abnormalities in the embryo

  • Autoimmune factors

  • Womb structure

  • Polycystic ovaries

  • Hyperprolactinaemia

  • Blood conditions

  • Diabetes and thyroid problems

 

Additional information is linked below.

If you have experienced three or more consecutive miscarriages you may be referred to a dedicated Pregnancy Loss Clinic in CUMH. The clinic is run by medical and midwifery staff who are committed to supporting you through this time. This can include investigations such as blood tests, pelvic ultrasounds, etc. These are talked about more in the section below.

Pregnancy Loss Clinic at CUMH

A referral to the Pregnancy Loss Clinic at CUMH can be arranged by your GP or via the hospital. The aim of the clinic is to investigate the medical causes of recurrent pregnancy loss and to provide information and support to parents.

Referral is made on the basis of:

  • Three consecutive first trimester pregnancy losses (recurrent miscarriage)

  • Two consecutive first trimester pregnancy losses with no living children

  • Any mid trimester (more than 14 weeks gestation) pregnancy loss

  • Any second or third trimester pregnancy loss

This clinic is run by consultants and specialist midwives and is held on Ward 4 South at CUMH.

At the clinic, a medical history is taken and the nature of your pregnancy loss is explored. A number of investigations, such as blood tests, may be suggested.

Plans for further pregnancy are discussed with follow up visits and referrals to other services sometimes required. However if the relevant test were performed by your GP, the EPAU/Aislinn Suite or 4 South ward prior to your clinic visit, your results and implications for a future pregnancy will be discussed.

Other investigations

The blood tests performed at the Pregnancy Loss Clinic are as follows

  • Thyroid Function Tests

  • HbA1c

  • Antibody screen

  • Thrombophilia screen

  • Parental chromosome analysis (only after 3 consecutive miscarriages)

 

As mentioned above, these bloods may be performed by your GP before attending the Pregnancy Loss Clinic. Here you can find a link to this list of blood tests.

 

Following your visit to the Pregnancy Loss Clinic other tests may be recommended depending on your history. Such tests may include an ultrasound scan, which may be done to assess any abnormalities in the womb. A hysterosalpingogram, saline installation solography, an MRI scan or even a hysteroscopy can also be used to investigate womb or fallopian tube abnormalities.

 

More information can be found by downloading the documents below

Some internet sources may suggest performing other tests following a miscarriage.  However there is no scientific evidence that these tests have any relevance in the investigation of pregnancy loss.  Such tests are not provided in our service.

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Pregnancy Loss Research Group

Cork University Maternity Hospital

Wilton, Cork, Ireland

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